Cities and towns built on floodplains require an approach based on resilience to floods rather than resistance. Resisting floods with levees and dams fails to address the extreme events that are expected to increase with climate change. Instead, by retaining the existing ground plain, water movement is undisrupted.
The combination of soft engineering and underground infrastructure can begin to prepare cities for inundations whilst realising the flood path cannot be altered. The need for architectural intervention to accommodate environmental changes has become a priority. These interventions to protect cities are of new architectural significance and are pivotal in imagining the future of resilient cities.